The brāhmaṇa, forming part of śruti, are voluminous writings that deal with explanations of sacrifices and the symbolism of the priests’ actions, much like the yajur veda, they are practical and ritualistic in nature.
Although the brāhmaṇa are commentaries on the vedas, they constitute the oldest historical source for Vedic rituals. They assist in detailing the proper performance of numerous ceremonies whilst considering seasons, equinoxes, occasions and various other factors. Strictly speaking excluding the saṁhitā portion of the vedas, all other fragments and rituals had been developed by the seers. However, this being so, they are still given the rightful position of being classed as śruti.
Each veda is constituted of a brāhmaṇa portion, however depending on the veda and the specific Vedic recension followed, there exists a particular brāhmaṇa.
Important brāhmaṇas are the aitareya (ṛgveda), kauṣītaki (ṛgveda), they deal with daily sacrifices, the sacrificial fire, new and full moon rites and procedural rites for the installation of kings. The śukla yajur veda śatapatha brāhmaṇa deals with preparation of altars, ceremonial objects, ritual recitations, and the Soma libation. kṛṣṇa yajur veda taittirīya brāhmaṇa is slightly more complex as the brāhmaṇa is interwoven into the saṁhitā portion of the veda. It is however important to note that along with the ritualistic procedures mentioned, the brāhmaṇas attribute a symbolic meaning to each ritual practice.
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