The ṛg veda is the oldest veda of all four and contains hymns for divine Gods. The main deities of ṛg veda are agni, indra and soma. Although there are various deities worshipped within the ṛg veda it is important to mention that the sages acknowledged that each deity is just another personification of one divine truth. The word ‘ṛg’ is derived from the sanskrit word ṛk which means ‘to praise’. The mantras of the ṛg veda are chanted by priests who are known as Hotri’s.
The saṁhitā section of the ṛgveda is divided into 10 sections named mandalas. Each mandalas has various hymns which are known as sūktas. Each sūkta is then further divided into mantras which are known as ṛks. In total there are estimated to be 1028 sūktas made up of10,170 ṛks.