Śruti, the divine revelations were revealed in deep meditation to seven ancient seers known accumulatively as the sapta ṛṣīs. Initially these realisations were not systematically recorded but rather passed down orally through a disciplic succession. It was then formulated that the collective revelation would be referred to as Veda. The term veda is derived from the root Sanskrit word ‘vid’ meaning knowledge.
However in later times the text was organised and elaborated by Sage bādarāyaṇa into four divisions (ṛg, sāma, yajur, atharva  ) which then led to the Sage being named veda vyāsa meaning the organiser of the Veda . Each veda in turn again is subdivided into four.
 Of this world I am the father, mother, nourisher, (and the) grand-father; I myself am the knowable, the sanctifier, the syllable Om, Rig, Sama, Yajur and Atharva. Bhagavad Gita 9.17
 bhāgavata purāṇa 1.4.19, viṣṇu purāṇa 3.4.3
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