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sapta ṛṣī – The seven seers

Although Hinduism cannot claim one single founder or an event for its formation, credit is given to the seven seers who had heard the divine revelation of eternal truths whilst in deep meditation. These experiences in turn elevated their consciousness to a deeper spiritual level beyond material existence.

Although the seers are not explicitly mentioned during the earlier portion of the Vedas, they are however upaniṣads or later portions. There are differing opinions of the seven sages, however the bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣat[1] mentions the seven as gotama, bharadvāja, viśvāmitra, jamadagnī, vasiṣṭha, kaśyapa and atri respectively.

As the revelations were merely heard by the seers they are known as the mantra drśtās[2] and the revelation as śruti[3]. The traditional view is that the revelations are anādi, apauruṣeya and nitya[4].

[1]bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣat 2.2.4 – imāveva gotamabharadvājāv ayameva gotamo ayaṁ bharadvāja imāveva viśvāmitrajamadagnī ayameva viśvāmitro ayaṁ jamadagnir imāveva vasiṣṭhakaśyapāv ayameva vasiṣṭho ayaṁ kaśyapo vāgevātrir vācā hyannamadyate attirha vai nāmaitadyadatririti | sarvasyāttā bhavati sarvamasyānnaṁ bhavati ya evaṁ veda
[2] mantra drśtās – Seers of the divine chants
[3] Śruti – That which is heard
[4] beginningless, unauthored and eternal

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About Makwana

A student of Sanatan Vedic Dharma



  1. Pingback: Śruti – The divine revelations « jigyāsā - October 9, 2012

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