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Bhagavad Gita, Dvaita Vedanta, General, Scripture

Definition of duḥkha/Sorrow

A very beautiful definition of duḥkha has been given by madhvācārya, the main exponent of the dualistic philosophy, though he himself references this from another text named śabda nirṇaya, judgement on words.

He cites in his bhagavad gita tātparya nirṇaya commentary on verses 14.19-21 the following:

दुःख दुरिति संप्रोक्तं खं नाम सुखमुच्यते | इति शब्दनिर्णये ||
duḥkha duriti saṁproktaṁ khaṁ nāma sukhamucyate | iti śabdanirṇaye ||
Thus stated in the śabdanirṇaya, du represents pain and kha represents pleasure

Here we should take heed that even possessions which provide us initial pleasure will ultimately result in pain in some capacity. Thus the word duḥkha not only comprises of pain or sorrow but also pleasure too.

—-

मध्वाचार्याजी, जो द्वैत वेदान्त के प्रसिद्ध आचार्य है, उसके भगवद्गीता तात्पर्य निर्णय भाष्य में एक आनंद दायक शब्दार्थ दिया है ‘दुःख’ शब्द पर जिसका खोज शब्दनिर्णयमें आता है.

ये वाचंर्मुत भगवद्गीता १४.१९-२१ के तात्पर्य निर्ण भाष्य में है, जिसमे लिखा है:

दुःख दुरिति संप्रोक्तं खं नाम सुखमुच्यते | इति शब्दनिर्णये ||
शब्दनिर्णय कहता है की ‘दु’ दुख है और ‘ख’ सुखका प्रतिक है

हमको यह नित्य स्मरण करना चाहिए के जो वस्तु हमारे अनुपलब्ध और सुख देनेवाली हे अंतिम में वोही तत्त्वों हमको दुःख भी देंगा. इस प्रकार दुख केवल दुख और क्लेश का मूल नहीं परन्तु सुखका भी मूल है.


The copyright of the article Definition of duḥkha/Sorrow is owned by the Jigyasa Team. Permission to republish in print or online must be granted by the author in writing.

[ITRANS] duHkha duriti saMproktaM khaM naama sukhamuchyate . iti shabdanirNaye ..

About Makwana

A student of Sanatan Vedic Dharma

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