On this special day of nāga pāncamī, here is a small article on it’s relevance
Nāga pāncamī is the festival of worshipping snakes, which occurs on the fifth day of the bright half in the month of śrāvaṇ.
There are numerous reference within Puranic literature of why Hindu’s celebrate this day. According to the Srimad Bhagatavam, Lord Sri Krsna had conquered Kālia nāga and the Bhavishya Purana states that when individuals perform rituals on this day to the Nāga deity they ensure freedom from danger for their families.
According to legend, the lineage of snakes started from Sage Kashyapa’s* fourth wife named Kadru** of which there are eight main Nāga deities which are worshipped and mentioned across the foray of Hindu texts. They are:
अनन्तं वासुकिं शेषं पद्मनाभं च कम्बलम् |
शंखपालं धार्तराष्ट्रं तक्षकं कालियं तथा ||
anantam vāsukim shesham padmanābham cha kambalam;
shankhapālam dhārtarāshtram takshakam kāliyam tathā
*Sage Kashyapa is one of the founding seven seers of the ancient Hindu texts, the Vedas.
**Kadru is puranically recognised as the daughter of Daksha.
It is also interesting to note that Rohini, the wife of Vasudeva and mother of Baladeva is regarded as a partial incarnation of Kadru.